Ecosystem Services

In order to save ourselves, we need to save nature’s bank account—its natural capital. Simply put, natural capital is the stock of natural assets—land, water, soil, plants, wildlife and air—that provides benefits to people. These benefits are called “ecosystem services.” Natural capital is critical to human well-being and underpins economic productivity.

Explore all ecosystem services

  • Provide habitat for life on Earth


  • Provide clean water


  • Provide enough water


  • Reduce the risk of flooding


  • Protect the coastline


  • Absorb carbon dioxide



Enough Water

Myanmar’s rivers and streams flow fast during the rainy season. The rainwater is soaked up by trees and plants, stored underground and released during the rest of the year. If forest land is degraded—which happens, for example, when trees are harvested irresponsibly—that cycle can be broken. 

Healthy forests, therefore, are critical to ensuring there is enough water year-round for household use and agriculture.